The International Court of Justice (ICJ), is the sole judicial organ of the United Nations. The ICJ is composed of 15 judges elected by the General Assembly for nine year terms. The sitting judges come from: Somalia, China, Slovakia, France, Morocco, Brazil, USA, Italy, Uganda, India, Jamaica, Australia, Russian Federation, Lebanon and Japan. The ICJ entertains both contentious cases and requests for advisory opinions.
The United Nations Security Council is one of the six main organs of the United Nations and is the only organ able to take binding decisions. The organ is composed by 5 permanent members (so called P5), China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and 10 non-permanent members which are elected for a 2-years term by the General Assembly. Each member has a single vote, but each member of the P5 has the possibility to veto decisions.